Dental Problems

Cavities

Cavities

What is a Cavity?

A cavity is an infection in your tooth where bacteria gets inside and starts rotting and eating it away. Cavities can actually spread toxins into your body that can cause systemic issues if you do not treat the decay and infection. At Cunning Dental your health is really important to us so helping you take care of and treat your cavities is a priority.

How do you get cavities?

Cavities are caused by tooth decay which is a process that occurs over time. Here are the steps that give you cavities:

  1. Cavities starts with Plaque: Eating a lot of sugars and starches and not cleaning your teeth well can give you more bacteria that forms dental plaque. Plaque that stays on your teeth and hardens above or below your gum line can build up into tarter (also called calculus). This shields the bacteria and makes it more difficult to remove.
  2. Plaque Attacks Enamel. The acids in plaque remove minerals in your tooth’s hard, outer enamel coating which allows the bacteria and acid to reach the next layer of your teeth, called dentin. Dentin has nerves unlike enamel and at this stage it can lead to tooth sensitivity and pain.
  3. Tooth Decay. Bacteria and acid continue to decay the tooth. The nerve becomes pressed, causing pain and discomfort, and if left to get worse infection can arise and you might need a root canal.

 

Tooth Decay

Tooth decay occurs at any age but it’s frequent in younger people. Bacteria in the mouth with acids, food debris and saliva form plaque. If plaque is not removed then it can contribute to teeth decay. The acids in the plaque weaken and dissolve the enamel of the tooth creating holes in the teeth or cavities. Cavities do not cause much pain until they get close to the nerve or in the middle of the tooth. Tooth decay will destroy your tooth’s enamel so Cunning Dental recommends you schedule an exam to treat any decay right away. If you treat tooth decay you can avoid a lot of pain and additional dental treatments and costs like root canals or teeth extractions.

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